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What are all those letters?

As you participate in the special education process, you will encounter unfamiliar language and acronyms. The language is often referred to as “acronyms.” It may seem like a foreign language, but it is really just a language of initials. These initials are explained and defined in this booklet.


Often, during meetings, many of these terms and acronyms are used frequently, and it is assumed that everyone is familiar with the meaning. If you are in a meeting and this occurs, feel free to ask, “what does that term mean?”


ADA - Americans with Disabilities Act


ADD - Attention Deficit Disorder


ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder


APE - Adapted Physical Education


APR - Annual Performance Report


ASHA - American Speech-Language-Hearing Association


ASL - American Sign Language


AT - Assistive Technology


AU - Autism


AYP - Adequate Yearly Progress


BD - Behavior Disorders


BIP - Behavioral Intervention Plan


CEC - Council for Exceptional Children


CD - Cognitive Delay


CP - Cerebral Palsy


DB - Deaf-Blindness


DD - Developmental Disability


DESE -  Department of Elementary & Secondary Education state of Missouri


DOH - Department of Health


DSM-IV - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV


ED - Emotional Disturbance


EI - Early Intervention


ESY - Extended School Year


FAPE - Free Appropriate Public Education


FBA - Functional Behavior Assessment


FERPA - Family Education Rights and Privacy Act


HIPAA - Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act


HQT - Highly Qualified Teacher


IDEA-  Individuals with Disabilities Education Act


IEP-  Individual Education Program


IFSP - Individual Family Service Plan


IHCP - Individualized Health Care Plan


IQ - Intelligence Quotient


LD - Learning Disability


LEA - Local Education Agency


LEP - Limited English Proficiency


LRE - Least Restrictive Environment


NCLBA - No Child Left Behind Act


OCR - Office for Civil Rights


ODD - Oppositional Defiant Disorder


OHI - Other Health Impaired


OI - Orthopedic Impairment


OT - Occupational Therapy


PDD - Pervasive Development Disorders


PT -  Physical Therapist


RtI - Responsiveness to Intervention


SI - Sensory Integration


SL - Speech Language


SLP - Speech Language Pathologist


TBI - Traumatic Brain Injury


TDD/TTY - Telecommunications Device for the Deaf


USDE - United States Department of Education


VI - Visual Impairment


VR - Vocational Rehabilitation